HPV Test for Women
HPV DNA Test —
Detect the #1 STI in Females
At Home HPV Test – Female
Vaginal swab test for women with easy home sample collection. This at home HPV test kit allows females to screen for 14 hazardous strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) – the #1 most common STD in women. Opt for this self HPV check up if you’re looking for easy sample collection with guaranteed privacy and rapid, accurate results.
- Detects high-risk HPV
- Vaginal swab sample collection
- Same lab test offered by physicians & hospitals
- Shipped free in discreet packaging
- Upgrade – add chlamydia, gonorrhea & trich to your HPV test kit
4U Health At Home HPV Test
When To Get a HPV STD Check
We advise waiting at least 2 weeks from the time of a potential HPV exposure before undergoing a STD check, as it may take some time for human papillomavirus to become detectable.
This HPV STD check might be right for you if:
- You want to rule out HPV exposure
- Become sexually active
- Engage in sexual activity
- Start a new sexual relationship
- Receive notification of HPV infection from a previous partner
- You are experiencing HPV STD symptoms
- Some women with HPV may get genital warts.
- Other women may receive an abnormal pap smear result.
- Howbeit, most women with HPV are unaware of their infection since it usually doesn’t cause any short-term active symptoms.
- You are female without symptoms and over 25 years old
- The American Cancer Society recommends HPV screening for women aged 25 years and older.1
HPV Test for Females: Check for the Most Common STI in Women
4U Health’s At Home HPV Test allows women to access the same lab test that doctors and hospitals offer. Measure HPV DNA from a vaginal swab sample collected in the privacy of your own home. This STI is widespread in women because most infected individuals don’t show any symptoms and fail to undergo preventive HPV STD screening. This is a female-only swab HPV test.
- HPV High Risk Screen
- High-risk HPV is linked to an elevated chance of developing cervical cancer. The test examines for DNA of 14 high-risk HPV strains, including 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68. If the test result is positive, it will ascertain whether the infection is caused by HPV 16 or HPV 18.
- HPV 16
- HPV 16 is the most prevalent high-risk strain and is associated with an elevated risk of cervical cancer. HPV strains 16 and 18 combined account for more than 70% of all cervical cancer cases worldwide.2
- HPV 18
- HPV 18 is a highly prevalent high-risk strain that can substantially elevate the risk of developing cervical cancer. HPV strains 16 and 18 combined account for more than 70% of all cervical cancer cases worldwide.2
Easily collect a HPV swab test from the comfort and privacy of your own home
Your mail-in HPV test kit is delivered directly to your door in discreet packaging for a confidential testing experience. Your 4U Health HPV STD test kit includes everything required for your home vaginal swab sample collection. We provide detailed instructions and a prepaid shipping label to return your sample to the lab.
HPV Test CVS
Hospital-grade private HPV STD test results
Once we receive your test, we’ll send your physician-reviewed results in approximately 2-5 days. 4U Health’s at home HPV STD test report is both accurate and easy to read. Your result will tell you whether human papillomavirus DNA is detected in your self-collected vaginal swab sample. If you test positive, we advise you share your HPV STD status with your doctor so they can help determine an appropriate course of action.
At-Home Test Collection
Certified Lab Results
4 STD Check – Female
Includes Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HPV & Trich
Simple at home STD check for women detects the 4 most
common STIs. An ideal kit to discreetly test from the comfort and privacy of your own home.
- Measures chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV, & trich
- Vaginal swab sample collection
7 STD Check
Includes Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HPV, trich, HIV, syphilis,
hepatitis C & herpes simplex 2
Our most popular self STD test for women. Get peace of mind; check our all-inclusive set of 8 common STDs. Privacy guaranteed.
- Measures chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV, trich, HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C & herpes 2
- Vaginal swab sample collection
- Finger prick sample collection
6 STD Check – Female
Includes Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HPV, trich, HIV, & syphilis
Check for 6 of the most common sexually transmitted infections in women with this confidential STD at home test kit.
- Measures for chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV, trich + HIV, & syphilis
- Vaginal sample collection
- Finger prick sample collection
std testing cvs
- CVS Health at home 3-in-1 STD test kit
12 STD Check – Female
Best for Peace of Mind
Includes Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HPV, trich, HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C, & herpes 2, genital, throat & anal collection
An ideal self-test for the early detection of STIs in women who participate in anal or oral sex. Our female STD full panel test checks our complete menu of STIs, including gonorrhea and chlamydia transmission to the anus or throat.
- Measures chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV, trich, HIV, syphilis,
hepatitis C & herpes 2
- Elevate your STD check by including anal & throat
- Rectal, throat & vaginal swab sample collection
- Finger prick sample collection
Usually within 2 to 5 days of your HPV vaginal swab test arriving at the lab, receive secure electronic STD results on your device of choice.
Simple to understand results provide your current HPV status.
Your individualized report measures human papillomavirus from a vaginal swab.
Hospital-grade results for visibility into your sexual health — get clarity on your HPV STD status from the privacy of your own home.
How It Works
Order Your Test
Order online with express delivery. In 1 to 2 days your HPV test kit will arrive in plain packaging, ensuring a confidential testing experience.
Collect Your Sample
Your DNA HPV test kit contains everything you need to collect your sample. Simply collect your vaginal swab test using the at-home sample collection supplies and instructions. Then return free of charge to the lab with the provided prepaid shipping label.
Fast, Accurate Results
Typically you will receive electronic HPV results within 2-5 days after receipt by the lab. Have complete trust in your lab report’s accuracy, as all 4U Health testing kits provide hospital-grade certified results.
Get Physician Support
We’ve got you covered! A licensed physician orders your HPV test and reviews your results. When medically necessary, our clinicians provide post-testing support to help you maximize our laboratory services.
Frequently Asked Questions
What’s included in the at-home HPV test kit?
You’ll receive everything you need in order to self-collect your test specimen!
• Pre-paid shipping both ways
• Discreet packaging
• Easy to follow instructions
• An at-home vaginal swab test collection kit
• Return protective envelope to mail sample to the lab for testing
• Electronic passcode protected results available from your phone or computer
• Printable report to share with your doctor
• Help along the way if you need it
How accurate are HPV tests?
HPV DNA Test
HPV (human papillomavirus) DNA tests are generally considered to be the most accurate method to detect the presence of the virus. These tests are used to screen for high-risk HPV types that are known to be associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers.
HPV DNA tests work by identifying the presence of the virus’s genetic material in a sample taken from the cervix or vagina. In general, these tests have a high sensitivity, meaning they are good at correctly identifying true positive cases (i.e., correctly detecting the presence of HPV). They also have a high negative predictive value, meaning that a negative test result is reliable in ruling out the presence of high-risk HPV in most cases. The WHO found the sensitivity and specificity for HPV DNA tests at 98% and 85%, respectively.3
However, it’s essential to note that no medical test is 100% accurate. False-positive and false-negative results can occur, although they are relatively rare with HPV DNA tests. If you receive an HPV DNA test result that concerns you, it’s essential to follow up with your healthcare provider for further evaluation and guidance.
Where is my HPV test performed?
Same Lab Test Offered by Physicians & Hospitals
4U Health tests meet national standards and are as accurate as services provided in a doctor’s office or hospital. We only work with the highest quality CLIA certified laboratories and health experts. Your at home HPV test complies with state and federal regulations. And our clinicians provide medical oversight throughout the entire process.
How long do HPV test results take?
HPV Test Results Time
With 4U Health’s at-home HPV test, the process typically takes 2 to 3 days to complete after the lab receives your sample. To accommodate for potential repeat testing, we estimate that you will receive your HPV swab test results within 2 to 5 days.
What do HPV test results look like ?
HPV Test Result
Your at home HPV test results will tell you if your vaginal swab contains DNA from 14 high-risk HPV strains. This test will confirm your HPV STD status.
How long can you have HPV before you test positive?
When To Test for HPV
Getting tested for HPV after unprotected sex is usually done no sooner than 2 weeks after potential exposure. For the most accurate results, some physicians recommend testing after 3 weeks. To attain complete peace of mind, you may consider a follow-up swab HPV test at the 3-month mark to confirm your negative result and definitively rule out any possibility of a new HPV STD infection.
How long does HPV last?
Approximately 9 out of 10 HPV infections tend to clear up on their own within a span of 2 years. However, certain HPV infections can persist for longer periods, potentially leading to the development of various cancers. These cancers may affect the cervix, vagina, and vulva in females, while males may experience cancer of the penis. Additionally, HPV-related cancer can also emerge in the back of the throat, encompassing regions like the base of the tongue and tonsils, known as oropharyngeal cancer. HPV may also increase the risk of anal cancer. Disturbingly, each year in the United States, HPV is responsible for approximately 36,000 cases of cancer affecting both men and women.4
How do you know if HPV is cleared?
Upon receiving an initial positive HPV test result, most medical professionals will recommend a follow-up physical examination after one year, coupled with a repeat HPV test and pap smear to assess the possibility of cervical cancer. If your subsequent HPV test results return negative, it signifies the absence of any high-risk HPV types linked to cervical cancer.
Can I buy this HPV swab test now and use it later?
Test now or before March 31, 2024. That’s great news if you are buying more than one test to recheck yourself in the future for a HPV STD.
Can I gift this HPV swab test to a friend or family member?
4U Health’s at home HPV test is eligible for gifting. In fact, all 4U Health tests make great presents. The recipient who receives your gift will simply open the kit, register it, and follow the vaginal swab test collection instructions. Within a few days of sending to the lab, your significant other, friend or family member will receive secure electronic HIPAA compliant HPV STD results all thanks to your generosity.
Will my HPV test at home be covered by insurance?
Pay upfront and receive no surprise medical bills. Insurance carriers often only cover a HPV test once every five years.5 4U Health is not enrolled in Medicare or any other private insurance network. This HPV vaginal swab test is not eligible for Medicare or any other federal or state-funded insurance program reimbursement. That’s great news if you want to test more frequently than your insurance carriers allows or if you want to keep your HPV STD testing experience confidential.
How is my privacy protected?
Rest assured; HIPAA security standards protect your data every step of the way while determining your HPV status. Keeping your confidential data secure is our number one priority. We only share your information when required to deliver our products and services or where we are legally obligated to do so. Your results are securely protected and available for review in your online portal; always secure but easily accessible only to you.
Although protecting customer privacy is of utmost importance to us, similar to any STI testing process, including both 4U Health lab tests and those conducted by traditional in person healthcare providers, certain positive results are mandated by law to be reported to state health departments. This reporting is solely intended to monitor and track the prevalence of infections. If you receive positive test results for Chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis C, herpes symplex 2, HIV, HPV, syphilis, or trichomoniasis through a 4U Health at-home STD test, depending on individual state requirements, our network of labs may share this information with your state health board for the purpose of tracking. Our at-home STD tests provide you with the knowledge of your STI status, and your information will remain otherwise confidential.
Common questions about HPV symptoms
What are the symptoms for HPV?
HPV (human papillomavirus) infections often do not cause noticeable symptoms, especially in the early stages. Many people with HPV may not even be aware that they are infected. However, some strains of HPV can lead to visible symptoms, particularly genital warts or certain HPV-related cancers. The symptoms associated with HPV can vary depending on the type of HPV and the location of the infection. Here are the common symptoms of HPV:
Genital warts: These are soft, flesh-colored bumps or growths that can appear on or around the genital and anal areas. They can vary in size and shape and may occur singly or in clusters.
Abnormal Pap smear results: An abnormal Pap smear is not a symptom of HPV itself but is an indication of potential HPV-related changes in the cervix, which may lead to cervical cancer.
Changes in the cervix: HPV can cause changes in the cells of the cervix, which may be detected during a pelvic exam or Pap smear.
Oral warts: In some cases, HPV can cause warts to develop in the mouth or throat, though these are less common than genital warts.
HPV-related cancers: Certain high-risk strains of HPV can lead to cancers of the cervix, vagina, vulva, penis, anus, and the back of the throat.
It’s important to remember that HPV infections can often be asymptomatic, which is why routine screening, such as Pap smears and HPV tests, is crucial for early detection and management. If you notice any unusual symptoms in the genital, anal, or oral areas, or if you have concerns about HPV, it’s essential to screen for HPV and consult a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and guidance.
When do HPV symptoms appear?
Genital warts, which are caused by certain strains of HPV (human papillomavirus), may appear within weeks to months after initial infection. However, the timing can vary from person to person, and some individuals may not develop visible warts for several months or even years after being infected with the virus.
Can HPV cause UTI symptoms?
No, HPV (human papillomavirus) does not directly cause urinary tract infection (UTI) symptoms. UTIs are caused by bacterial infections in the urinary tract, most commonly in the bladder. On the other hand, HPV is a viral infection that affects the skin and mucous membranes, primarily transmitted through sexual contact.
HPV infections, particularly low-risk strains, can cause genital warts in some cases, which are growths or bumps in the genital and anal area. These warts can sometimes be mistaken for UTI symptoms by individuals who are not familiar with the differences between the two conditions. However, genital warts are often caused by the presence of HPV and are unrelated to UTIs.
Common Symptoms of a UTI:
- Frequent and urgent need to urinate.
- Pain or burning sensation during urination.
- Cloudy or bloody urine.
- Lower abdominal pain or discomfort.
- Fever and chills (in more severe cases).
If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s essential to seek medical evaluation and proper diagnosis from a healthcare professional. UTIs are typically treated with antibiotics, while genital warts caused by HPV may be managed through various treatment options recommended by a healthcare provider. Early detection and proper management are essential for both UTIs and HPV-related conditions.
Can you have HPV with no symptoms?
Yes, you can have HPV (human papillomavirus) with no symptoms at all. In fact, most people with HPV infections do not experience any noticeable symptoms. HPV is known for its ability to remain silent and go undetected in many individuals.
HPV is primarily transmitted through sexual contact and can infect the skin and mucous membranes in the genital, anal, and oral areas. While some strains of HPV can cause visible symptoms like genital warts, the majority of HPV infections are asymptomatic, especially those caused by high-risk strains associated with cervical and other HPV-related cancers.
What are symptoms of HPV in the mouth?
HPV (human papillomavirus) infections in the mouth and throat can be caused by certain high-risk strains of the virus and are primarily transmitted through oral sex. These infections are referred to as oral HPV infections. Most oral HPV infections do not cause noticeable symptoms, and the majority of people infected with oral HPV are asymptomatic, meaning they do not show any signs of infection.
In some cases, oral HPV infections can lead to the development of oral warts or lesions.
Oral HPV Symptoms
- Small, flesh-colored, or white warts or growths on the inside of the mouth, on the lips, tongue, tonsils, or back of the throat.
- Sore throat or persistent sore at the back of the throat.
- Difficulty swallowing or a feeling of something stuck in the throat.
- Changes in voice or hoarseness.
It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions unrelated to HPV. Most oral HPV infections clear up on their own without causing any problems. However, some high-risk strains of oral HPV are associated with an increased risk of developing oropharyngeal cancer, a type of head and neck cancer.
More questions about HPV
What is HPV?
HPV, which stands for human papillomavirus, is a group of viruses that infect the skin and mucous membranes of humans. There are over 100 different types of HPV. It is the most common STD in the United States.
HPV infections are primarily transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, often during sexual activity. However, they can also spread through non-sexual contact, such as from a mother to her newborn during childbirth.
HPV infections are extremely common, and many people will contract at least one type of HPV in their lifetime. The majority of HPV infections resolve on their own without causing any symptoms or long-term health problems. However, persistent infections with high-risk HPV types can increase the risk of developing certain cancers over time.
To protect against certain high-risk HPV strains, vaccines have been developed and are widely recommended, especially for adolescents and young adults. Regular HPV screening, and adjunct tests such as Pap smears for cervical cancer, are also essential for detecting early signs of HPV-related abnormalities and managing potential health risks.
What is the difference between high-risk and low-risk HPV?
The main difference between high-risk and low-risk HPV lies in their potential to cause certain health conditions, particularly concerning cancer development.
High-risk HPV strains have a greater potential to cause cancerous changes in cells. These types of HPV are strongly associated with the development of various cancers, including cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile, anal, and certain oral and throat cancers (oropharyngeal cancers). The most common high-risk HPV strains include HPV 16 and HPV 18, which are responsible for more than 70% of cervical cancer cases in women.
Low-risk HPV strains, on the other hand, are less likely to cause cancerous changes in cells. Instead, they are more often associated with the development of benign growths known as genital warts. While genital warts can be bothersome and may require treatment, they do not typically lead to cancer or other serious health issues. Examples of low-risk HPV strains include HPV 6 and HPV 11, which are frequently responsible for genital warts.
Where to get tested for HPV?
HPV Testing Near Me
For convenient and private testing, individuals can opt for an at-home HPV test kit offered by 4U Health. This kit allows for easy self-collection of a vaginal swab from the comfort of your own home. Once the sample is collected, it can be sent to the laboratory for analysis. The 4U Health at-home HPV test screens for 14 high-risk strains of human papillomavirus, including HPV 16 and HPV 18, which are linked to the majority of cervical cancer cases. Digital hospital-grade results are typically available in 2 to 5 days, empowering users to take control of their sexual health from the comfort of their own homes. Visit 4U Health’s STD product page to view 5 at home HPV testing options.
For those who prefer a healthcare professional’s assistance, local clinics offer HPV testing with a similar process to the at-home test. At the clinic, a trained healthcare provider will collect the necessary sample, usually either a cervical or vaginal swab, and send it to a laboratory for analysis. The clinic-administered HPV test also screens for high-risk HPV strains, including HPV 16 and HPV 18, providing similar results to at-home tests.
How to test for HPV?
Testing for HPV (human papillomavirus) can be done through various methods, depending on the gender and the specific test required. Here are the common ways to test for HPV:
HPV DNA Test:
The HPV DNA test is specifically designed to detect the presence of high-risk HPV strains. A vaginal or cervical swab is typically collected and sent to a laboratory, where it is tested for the genetic material of the virus. 4U Health offers at-home HPV test kits that allow individuals to self-collect a vaginal sample for HPV DNA testing. This test methodology is also used in physician clinics.
Cervical Pap Smear:
The Pap smear is a screening test primarily used to detect cellular changes in the cervix that may be caused by high-risk HPV strains. During a pelvic exam, a healthcare provider will collect a sample of cells from the cervix using a small brush or spatula. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis.
Anal Pap Smear:
For individuals at higher risk of anal cancer, such as men who have sex with men (MSM) or those with a history of anal sex, an anal Pap smear may be performed. This test is similar to the cervical Pap smear but involves collecting a sample from the anus.
It’s important to note that there is no routine test for detecting low-risk HPV strains that cause genital warts, as these infections are generally not associated with significant health risks.
Regular screenings, especially for women, are essential for early detection and proper management of HPV-related abnormalities and potential health risks.
How does HPV test work?
A DNA HPV test, also known as a molecular HPV test, is a screening method used to detect the presence of high-risk strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). The test works by analyzing the genetic material (DNA) of the virus.
Here’s how a DNA HPV test typically works:
Sample Collection: A special brush or swab is used to collect a sample of cells from the vagina or cervix. The process is similar to a Pap smear, but the collected sample is specifically intended for HPV DNA testing.
Laboratory Analysis: The collected sample is sent to a laboratory where it undergoes analysis. In the lab, the cells are processed to extract the DNA from any potential HPV viruses present in the sample.
DNA Amplification: To increase the amount of HPV DNA in the sample and make it easier to detect, a process called DNA amplification or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is performed. PCR is a technique that copies specific segments of DNA, making it possible to identify even small amounts of HPV genetic material.
HPV Genotyping: The amplified DNA is then analyzed to identify specific HPV types. The test can determine whether high-risk HPV strains, such as HPV 16 and HPV 18, are present in the sample. These strains are the most concerning, as they are strongly associated with an increased risk of cervical and other HPV-related cancers.
Results: Once the laboratory analysis is complete, the test results are reported. The results will indicate whether high-risk HPV strains were detected in the sample.
It’s important to note that the DNA HPV test is specifically designed to screen for high-risk HPV strains and is not used to detect low-risk HPV types that cause genital warts. The test is recommended for women aged 25 and older as part of routine cervical cancer screening. It may also be used in certain clinical situations, such as follow-up testing after abnormal Pap smear results or for co-testing alongside Pap smears in women aged 21 to 29. As with any medical test, the interpretation of results and subsequent actions should be discussed with a healthcare provider.
How much does a HPV test cost?
Many people looking to take a HPV STI check for the first time often ask how much is a HPV test kit. 4U Health offers 5 confidential at home HPV STD tests with blood, swab, or urine sample collection for the affordable price of $69 to $309. All tests include free shipping both to your home and back to the lab. All at home HPV test kits offer the supplies necessary to self-collect your test. See 4U Health’s expansive catalogue of home STD test kits to find the best option for your unique needs.
Does HPV show up on STD test?
HPV (human papillomavirus) is not typically included in standard STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) tests. However, you can visit 4U Health to view a standalone at-home HPV test, as well as 4 STD female panels that include HPV along with other common sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis C, herpes 2, HIV, syphilis, and trichomoniasis.
Does HPV show up on a Pap smear?
No, a Pap smear does not test for HPV. The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately. The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that can cause these cell changes. This is why physicians often order an HPV DNA test in addition to a Pap smear.
How long does it take for HPV to show up?
HPV can usually be detected through testing within 2 to 3 weeks after exposure with a DNA HPV test like the kind 4U Health offers. However, it’s important to note that the timing can vary depending on several factors. To attain complete peace of mind, you may consider a follow-up swab HPV test at the 3-month mark to confirm your negative result and definitively rule out any possibility of a new HPV STD infection.
Can HPV test be false negative?
False negative HPV test results can occur for several reasons, even if the person is infected with the virus. Some of the common reasons for false negatives in HPV testing include:
Timing of the Test: HPV infections can take some time to be detected, meaning the virus might not be consistently present in the collected cells. If the test is conducted during a period when the viral load is low or the infection is in its early stages, it may result in a false negative. To attain complete peace of mind, you may consider a follow-up swab HPV test at the 3-month mark to confirm your negative result and definitively rule out any possibility of a new HPV STD infection.
Incorrect Sample Collection: The quality of the sample collected during the HPV test is crucial for accurate results. If an insufficient or inadequate sample is collected, the test may not detect the presence of HPV, leading to a false negative.
Type of HPV Test: Various HPV tests target distinct HPV strains. There are over 100 types of HPV strains. If the specific test used does not target the strain causing the infection, it may yield a false negative result. 4U Health’s HPV test targets 14 high-risk strains of HPV that may increase the chances of developing cervical cancer.
Technical Errors: Although rare, mishaps can occur during sample processing or analysis in the laboratory, leading to inaccurate results.
Immune Response: A robust immune response can sometimes clear the virus from a vast majority of the cells, making it undetectable to the HPV DNA test.
Low Viral Load: In some cases, usually seen with early infection or a robust immune response, the viral load of HPV may be very low, making it challenging for the test to detect the virus.
If a person experiences vaginal wart symptoms or has concerns about a possible high-risk HPV infection despite a negative test result, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for further evaluation. They can provide appropriate guidance and recommend additional testing or treatment options if necessary.
How common is a false positive HPV test?
In general, the latest HPV DNA tests, which are highly sensitive and specific, have reduced the rate of false positives compared to older testing methods. While false positive results for HPV tests are relatively rare, they can still occur. Some potential reasons for false positive HPV test results include:
Sample Contamination: Contamination of the sample with substances like blood, lubricants, or other contaminants can interfere with the accuracy of the test and lead to false positive results.
Cross-reactivity: DNA HPV tests rely on specific genetic material associated with the human papillomavirus. In rare cases, the test may cross-react with other non-HPV substances, leading to false positive results.
Recent HPV Infection: If a person has previously been infected with HPV and has recently cleared the infection, traces of the viruses DNA may still be present in the body. This can lead to a positive test result even though the person is no longer actively infected.
Prior Vaccination: HPV vaccination can trigger the production of antibodies that certain serology HPV tests may detect, leading to potential false positive results. However, 4U Health offers a DNA HPV test that is suitable for vaccinated individuals, as it is specifically designed not to identify vaccine antibodies. This ensures more accurate and reliable testing, providing reassurance to vaccinated patients seeking comprehensive HPV screening.
While false positive results can cause anxiety and concern, it’s important to remember that they are generally uncommon. If you receive a positive HPV test result, it is recommended you discuss your results with a healthcare provider who will likely confirm the findings and determine the appropriate course of action.
Can you test negative for HPV and still have it?
Yes, it is possible to test negative for HPV and still have the infection. This can occur due to several reasons. The timing of the test plays a role as the infection may not have had enough time to replicate and reach detectable levels at the time of testing. False-negative results can also occur due to errors in sample collection, handling, or laboratory testing procedures.
Can HPV be dormant and test negative?
No, HPV remains active and transmissible even when asymptomatic, underscoring the need for testing if there is suspicion of infection. Sometimes HPV has a ‘dormancy’ period, which means that the virus spends some time in our body without causing any harm, this is usually a couple of years but can stretch to decades. When HPV is dormant it can’t be detected by a HPV DNA test, but it can become active later which is when cervical screening Pap smear may show abnormal cellular changes.
Can a UTI cause a false positive HPV test?
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are not known to cause false positive results on DNA HPV tests, the methodology employed by 4U Health. DNA HPV tests are highly specific for detecting the genetic material of human papillomavirus. UTIs are typically caused by different bacteria, such as Escherichia coli (E. coli) or other pathogens, and do not contain the genetic material specific to HPV.
It’s important to note that if a person has both HPV and a UTI simultaneously, the presence of a UTI should not interfere with the accuracy of a HPV test. HPV DNA tests are designed to specifically detect HPV and are not influenced by the presence of other UTI infections.
If you have concerns about the accuracy of your HPV test results or suspect a possible UTI, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional. They can evaluate your symptoms, order appropriate tests, and provide proper diagnosis and treatment.
Can you get HPV from oral sex?
Yes, it is possible to contract HPV (human papillomavirus) through oral sex. HPV is primarily transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, and any type of sexual activity that involves contact with infected genital, anal, or oral areas can lead to the transmission of the virus.
When engaging in oral sex with an infected partner, the virus can be transmitted to the mouth and throat. HPV strains that are linked to genital warts (low-risk strains) or an increased risk of cancer (high-risk strains) can be transmitted through oral sex.
It’s important to note that the risk of transmission can be reduced but not eliminated through the use of barrier methods like condoms or dental dams. Additionally, HPV vaccines are available and can provide protection against certain high-risk strains of the virus, which can help reduce the risk of HPV-related health complications.
Practicing safe sex, open communication with sexual partners about sexual health, and getting vaccinated (where applicable) are essential steps in reducing the risk of HPV transmission and related health risks. Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV tests, are also vital for early detection and management of HPV-related conditions.
Can you get HPV from anal sex?
Yes, HPV (human papillomavirus) can be transmitted through anal sex. When engaging in anal sex with an infected partner, the virus can be transmitted to the anal area. Both low-risk and high-risk strains of HPV can be transmitted through anal sex, and the risk of transmission can be increased if there are any cuts, tears, or other breaks in the skin or mucous membranes.
Can you get HPV with a condom?
While using a condom during sexual activity can reduce the risk of HPV transmission, it does not provide complete protection. HPV (human papillomavirus) can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, and condoms may not cover all potentially infected skin areas, such as the genital and anal regions.
Using condoms during sexual activity is still strongly recommended, as they can significantly lower the risk of HPV transmission and provide protection against other STIs. Additionally, getting vaccinated against HPV is an essential preventive measure, especially for individuals who are sexually active. HPV vaccines offer protection against certain high-risk strains of the virus, reducing the risk of HPV-related health complications, including cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers.
How to treat HPV?
There is no specific cure for HPV (human papillomavirus) itself, and the virus usually clears up on its own without causing any symptoms or health issues in the majority of cases. Most people with HPV infections do not require treatment, as their immune system effectively clears the virus from their bodies within two years.
However, there are treatments available for HPV-related conditions or complications. The treatment options depend on the specific manifestation of HPV and may include:
Genital Warts: If a person develops genital warts caused by low-risk HPV strains, various treatment methods can be used to remove the warts. These may include topical treatments, such as creams or solutions applied directly to the warts, or procedures like cryotherapy (freezing the warts), electrocautery (burning the warts), or surgical removal.
Abnormal Pap Smear or Precancerous Changes: If an HPV infection leads to abnormal Pap smear results or precancerous changes in cervical cells, further evaluation and management may be necessary. This may involve procedures like colposcopy, which allows the healthcare provider to examine the cervix more closely, and cervical biopsies to check for abnormal cell changes.
HPV-Related Cancers: If HPV infection progresses and leads to cancer, treatment will depend on the type and stage of cancer. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these, as determined by the healthcare team.
How to treat HPV at home?
It’s essential to clarify that there is no specific at-home treatment for the HPV virus itself. HPV is a viral infection, and there is no cure for the virus. However, in most cases, the body’s immune system will clear the infection on its own within two years without requiring any treatment.
While there is no direct at-home treatment for HPV, you can take steps to support your overall health and immune system, which may aid in clearing the infection more efficiently:
Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a healthy diet, exercise regularly, get enough sleep, and manage stress to support your immune system.
Quit Smoking: Smoking can weaken the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off infections, including HPV.
Remember, practice safe sex by using condoms or dental dams during sexual activity to reduce the risk of HPV transmission. Self-diagnosing and attempting to treat HPV at home without professional guidance can be risky and may not be effective. If you have any concerns about a positive HPV result, consult a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and advice. They can provide personalized recommendations based on your individual health needs.
How do doctors test for HPV?
STD HPV Test
Doctors typically test for HPV by using a DNA test. The HPV DNA test is specifically designed to detect the presence of high-risk HPV strains from a swab or during a pelvic exam, a cervical sample is collected, similar to a Pap smear. The sample is then sent to a laboratory, where it is tested for the genetic material of the virus. 4U Health offers an at-home DNA HPV test similar to the kind most commonly used by physicians.
Should I tell my partner I have HPV?
Your decision on whether to disclose your HPV status to your partner is a personal one. It’s essential to know that there is currently no approved test for HPV in men. However, if you choose to share your infection status with a man, consider mentioning these points:
HPV is highly common among sexually active individuals, affecting four out of five people at some stage in their lives. The majority may not even be aware of their infection. Although both women and men can contract HPV, 9 out of 10 infections clear on their own within 2 years. While women may be at higher risk with certain high-risk HPV strains, they are monitored more closely for cervical cancer depending on the strain of their HPV infection. Men, on the other hand, are not at as high a risk of developing cancer from an HPV infection, but some increased risk may still remain.
If you are infected with HPV, it is strongly recommended you practice safe sex including the use of condoms during intercourse to limit transmission, regardless of whether you disclose your infection status to your partner.
Can men be tested for HPV?
Testing for HPV (human papillomavirus) in men is different from testing in women, as there is currently no FDA-approved HPV test specifically for men. However, there are certain methods that healthcare providers may use to detect or diagnose HPV-related conditions in men:
Visual Inspection: For visible genital warts, a healthcare provider can diagnose HPV by visually examining the genital and anal area. Genital warts are typically caused by low-risk HPV strains and may appear as small, flesh-colored bumps or cauliflower-like growths.
Biopsy: If there are suspicious lesions or growths on the genitals or anus, a healthcare provider may perform a biopsy, which involves taking a small sample of tissue from the affected area. The biopsy sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis to determine if HPV is present.
Anal Pap Smear: For men at higher risk of anal cancer, such as men who have sex with men (MSM) or those with a history of anal sex, an anal Pap smear may be performed. This test is similar to the cervical Pap smear in women but involves collecting a sample from the anus to detect abnormal cells that may be related to HPV.
It’s essential to note that most HPV infections in men, including high-risk strains, do not cause noticeable symptoms and clear up on their own without requiring treatment. Routine testing for HPV in asymptomatic men is not typically recommended, given the lack of specific approved tests and the likelihood of transient infections that pose minimal increased health risk in men.
The primary focus for HPV prevention in men is vaccination. HPV vaccines are available and recommended for boys and young men to protect against certain high-risk HPV strains and reduce the risk of HPV-related complications, including genital warts and certain cancers. That being said, it also helps to limit the spread of HPV to women who are at increased risk of cervical cancer when infected with certain strains of HPV.
If a man experiences any concerning symptoms or has questions about HPV, it is essential to consult a healthcare provider for appropriate evaluation, guidance, and, if applicable, vaccination recommendations.
What are the most common STDs in the US?
Most Common STDs
1 in 5 people in the US have a STD. In 2018 alone, approximately 26 million Americans had a sexually transmitted disease (STD). The specific ranking and infection rates of STDs vary over time. It’s always best to refer to up-to-date sources such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the most recent information. Incidence of STDs means new infections. Here is a list of common STDs in rough order of incidence as of 2018:
1. Human papillomavirus (HPV): 13 million (m) estimated new HPV infections.
2. Trichomoniasis (Trich): 6.9m estimated new Trich infections.
3. Chlamydia: 4m estimated new chlamydia infections.
4. Gonorrhea: 1.6m estimated new gonorrhea infections.
5. Herpes Symplex 2 (HSV-2): 572,000 estimated new HSV-2 infections.
6. Syphilis: 146,000 estimated new syphilis infections in 2018.
9. Hepatitis C (HCV): 50,000 estimated new HCV infections
7. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV): 33,000 estimated new HIV infections in 2018.
8. Hepatitis B (HBV): 8,300 estimated new HBV infections in 2018.
What are the common STDs?
What is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)?
HPV, or human papilloma virus, is a common viral infection that affects the skin and mucous membranes. It is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. There are various strains of HPV, some of which can cause genital warts and increase the risk of certain types of cancer, such as cervical, anal, vulvar, vaginal, penile, or oropharyngeal cancer. There is no cure for HPV. While most HPV infections resolve on their own without causing symptoms or complications, vaccination, regular screenings, and practicing safe sex are important preventive measures to reduce the risk of HPV-related health issues.
What is what is Trichomoniasis (Trich)?
Trich is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. It is a common STI that affects both men and women, but it is more common in women. Trichomoniasis is transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. Most people with trichomoniasis do not experience any symptoms, but if symptoms do occur, they can include itching or irritation in the genital area, discharge from the vagina or penis (which may be frothy and yellow-green), pain or burning during urination, and pain during sexual intercourse. Trichomoniasis is usually treated with antibiotics, and it is important to get tested and treated if you are sexually active or have had unprotected sex with a new or casual partner. Using condoms and other forms of protection can help reduce the risk of trichomoniasis and other STIs.
What is Chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium chlamydia trachomatis. It is one of the most common STIs in the world and can affect both men and women. Chlamydia is transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. It can also be transmitted from a mother to her baby during childbirth. Most people with chlamydia do not experience any symptoms, but if left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems, such as infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease. Chlamydia is usually treated with antibiotics, and it is important to get tested and treated if you are sexually active or have had unprotected sex with a new or casual partner. Using condoms and other forms of protection can help reduce the risk of chlamydia and other STIs.
What is Gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is a common STI that can affect both men and women. Gonorrhea is transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex. It can also be transmitted from a mother to her baby during childbirth. Most people with gonorrhea do not experience any symptoms, but if left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems, such as infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease. Gonorrhea is usually treated with antibiotics, and it is important to get tested and treated if you are sexually active or have had unprotected sex with a new or casual partner. Using condoms and other forms of protection can help reduce the risk of gonorrhea and other STIs.
What is genital herpes?
Genital herpes is a viral infection generally caused by the herpes simplex 2 virus (HSV2). It is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. The infection results in the development of painful sores or blisters in the genital area. These sores can recur periodically and may be accompanied by flu-like symptoms such as fever and swollen lymph nodes. While there is no cure for genital herpes, antiviral medications can help manage outbreaks, reduce symptoms, and decrease the risk of transmission. It is important to practice safe sex and communicate openly with sexual partners to minimize the risk of contracting or spreading genital Herpes.
Herpes 1 or 2 which is worse?
In terms of severity, both herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) can cause similar symptoms, but HSV-2 is generally associated with more frequent and severe outbreaks of genital herpes. However, it’s important to note that individual experiences with the virus can vary, and the impact of the infection can be influenced by factors such as the person’s immune system and management of the condition.
What is Syphilis?
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium. It is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. syphilis progresses through different stages, including primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary stages, each with its own set of symptoms and complications. It can present as painless sores or ulcers, rash, fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. Syphilis can have severe long-term consequences if left untreated, affecting various organs and systems in the body, including the heart, brain, and nervous system. Early detection through testing and prompt treatment with antibiotics can effectively cure Syphilis and prevent its complications.
What is Hepatitis C (HCV)?
Hepatitis C is a viral infection that primarily affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The infection is commonly transmitted through contact with infected blood, such as through sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia, receiving contaminated blood transfusions, from mother to baby during childbirth, or sexual intercourse. Hepatitis C can lead to both acute and chronic liver disease, and if left untreated, it can cause severe complications like liver cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer. Treatment options for hepatitis C have improved in recent years, and antiviral medications can effectively cure the infection in most cases, reducing the risk of long-term liver damage. It is important to get tested for hepatitis C if at risk and take preventive measures to avoid exposure.
What is Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is a viral infection that attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells, a type of white blood cell crucial for the body’s defense against infections. HIV is primarily transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing contaminated needles or syringes, and from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding. If left untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), which is the late stage of the infection and characterized by severe immune system damage, making individuals more susceptible to opportunistic infections and certain cancers. While there is no cure for HIV, antiretroviral therapy (ART) can effectively manage the virus, allowing people with HIV to live long and healthy lives. Preventive measures such as practicing safe sex, using sterile needles, and accessing HIV testing and treatment are crucial in reducing transmission rates and improving overall health outcomes.
What is Hepatitis B (HBV)?
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that primarily affects the liver. It is caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). The infection can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia, and from mother to baby during childbirth. Hepatitis B can lead to both acute and chronic liver disease, which can range from mild illness to severe conditions such as liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. While there is no cure for hepatitis B, antiviral medications and vaccines are available to manage the infection, prevent complications, and reduce the risk of transmission. It is important to get vaccinated against Hepatitis B and take precautions to avoid exposure to infected blood and other bodily fluids.
HPV list of references
WHO. Global strategy to accelerate the elimination of cervical cancer as a public health problem. URL. November 17, 2020. Accessed July 27, 2023.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Abnormal Cervical Cancer Screening Test Results. URL. February 2021. Accessed July 27, 2023.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cervical Cancer. URL. Updated December 6, 2022. Accessed July 27, 2023.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Cervical cancer screening for individuals at average risk: 2020 guideline update from the American Cancer Society. URL. July 30, 2020. Accessed July 27, 2023.
MedlinePlus. HPV DNA Test. URL. November 10, 2022. Accessed July 27, 2023.
CDC. Human Papillomavirus (HPV). URL. Updated July 23, 2021. Accessed July 27, 2023.
NIH-StatPearls [Internet]. Human Papillomavirus. URL. Updated January 16, 2023. Accessed July 27, 2023.
UpToDate. Cervical cancer screening: The cytology and human papillomavirus report URL. Updated September 20, 2022. Accessed July 5, 2023.
UpToDate. Human papillomavirus infections: Epidemiology and disease associations URL. Updated June 17, 2022. Accessed July 27, 2023.
National Cancer Institute. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines. URL. Updated May 25, 2021. Accessed July 27, 2023.
MedlinePlus. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. URL. Updated February 17, 2023. Accessed July 5, 2023.
AGS Health in Aging Foundation. Safe Sex for Older Adults. URL. Updated August 2019. Accessed July 5, 2023.
Nemours Foundation. Talking to Your Kids About STDs. URL. Updated July 2018. Accessed July 5, 2023.
American Social Health Association. HPV and Relationships. URL. Accessed July 27, 2023.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Cervical Cancer: Screening. URL. August 21, 2018. Accessed July 27, 2023.
US Department of Health and Human Services. Your Rights Under HIPAA. URL. January 19, 2022. Accessed July 27, 2023.
University of Washington STD Prevention Training Center. National STD Curriculum. URL. Accessed July 27, 2023.
Infection Control Today. Sexually Transmitted Infections Increasingly Plague the United States. URL. November 10, 2022. Accessed July 27, 2023.
International Papillomavirus Society. URL. Accessed July 27, 2023.
American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Vaginitis in sexually active women: Relationship to nine sexually transmitted organisms. URL. April 15, 1982. Accessed July 5, 2023.
American Journal of Public Health. Barrier contraceptives and sexually transmitted diseases in women: a comparison of female-dependent methods and condoms. URL. May 1992. Accessed July 5, 2023.
Merk Manual. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection. URL. Updated Feb 2023 . Accessed July 27, 2023.
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. Sexual Transmission of Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection among Men. URL. September 3, 2014. Accessed July 27, 2023.
National Cervical Cancer Coalition. HPV and Cervical Cancer. URL. (n.d.). Accessed July 27, 2023.
Mayo Clinic. HPV infection. URL. October 12, 2021. Accessed July 27, 2023.
Nemours Children’s Health. Genital Warts (HPV). URL. Updated January 2021. Accessed July 27, 2023.
CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology Screening Guidelines for the Prevention and Early Detection of Cervical Cancer. URL. March 14, 2012. Accessed July 27, 2023.
World Health Organization. Effectiveness of condoms in preventing sexually transmitted infections. URL. June 1, 2004. Accessed July 27, 2023.
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